Psychopharmacologic Therapies for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (Abstract)
Gastroenterol Clin North Am
Epub 01 July 2021
Psychopharmacologic therapies are beneficial in reducing symptoms when treating irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and other disorders of gut-brain interaction (DGBI). Noradrenaline, serotonin, and dopamine are neurotransmitters of key importance in psychopharmacology and pain-reduction mechanisms. The first-line (tricyclic antidepressants, serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) and second-line (atypical antipsychotics, delta-ligand agents, low-dose naltrexone) neuromodulator treatment options are recommended when IBS-associated abdominal pain is of moderate or severe intensity and is persistent. To understand the implementation strategy, the multidimensional clinical profile as a template is used for presenting 3 case scenarios involving painful IBS and DGBI of varying complexity.
Keywords: Antidepressants; Disorders of gut brain interaction; Irritable bowel syndrome; Multidimensional clinical profile; Neuromodulator; Treatment.